Additive Manufacturing has been applied in dentistry since decades.

Digital dentistry is still a growing market. With dropping costs for

AM systems more and more dental labs make use of this technologies.

What are the applications?

Dental replacements in direct metal
Selective Laser Melting / Direct Metal Laser Sintering found one of its’ first
applications in dental. Dental replacements such as bridges and copings
are generated layer by layer in cobalt chromium on a full industrial scale.
Patient-specific parts, always one-offs in a material that is hard to machine
with CNC milling makes SLM/DMLS ideal for this application.

How does it work?
The dentist takes an impression and a plaster model is created.
This model is digitized by laser or white/blue light scanning or a
direct intra-oral scan is taken. The data gets send to a lab where
dental technicians model fully digital the replacement. This can be a
single coping or a 24 piece bridge. Special software can be used to
automatically orientate and place the parts in the process preparation.
The support structures required can also be generated fully automated.
Small tags with numbers can be attached for easier identification of the parts.
The usual turnover of a build on a large SLM/DMLS system takes between
12 and 24 hours. Hundreds of units can be created in one run.
Smaller systems generate a batch of 30 to 60 units in about 4 – 8 hours.

Clear aligners
Clear aligners became more and more popular to replace classic braces.
But did you know that these aligners are usually made with Additive Manufacturing?

How does it work?
An impression is taken what is used to create a plaster model. This model is scanned
or a direct intraoral scan is taken. This data is used to correct the position of the teeth
digitally. As the teeth are moved step by step, several digital models with the intermediate
position of teeth are created. These models are created using AM technologies such as
Photopolymerisation and Polyjet technologies.
The models created are used as a jig in second process. A thin sheet of polymer is
heated up and wrapped over a model to capture its’ shape.
This process is called  Plastic Thermoforming.
After cutting off the edges and smoothing these the final part is ready to package.
Watch this video to see how highly automated this process chain can look like.

But it doesn’t have to be a multi-million dollar investment.  at Photopolymerization
Polyjet systems have become more affordable over the last years. More and
more smaller dental labs are implementing these technologies today.
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It’s not always about patient specific parts in dental.
AM technologies offer more advantages over the ability to realize mass-customization

Titanium Dental implants
Leader Italia Srl uses Selective Laser Melting/Direct Metal Laser Sintering
to produce Titanium implants to replace teeth. Check this video for more info.













The sponge like surface of the implants enhances osseo-integration, which improves the structural integrity.

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